The mouth-blown ketchup bottle pictured to the above left is a very normal normal form for packaging this products during the late 19th by way of A great deal from the 20th century; It isn't that Considerably distinctive than the shape employed these days for glass bottled ketchup (to some degree of the rarity while in the U. S. because most has become packaged in plastic bottles). This instance is embossed on the shoulder - within a round "medallion" - with Most well-liked STOCK CATSUP / A & L (monogram) / EXTRA Good quality. The A & L means Allen & Lewis, a considerable regional "Wholesale Dealer in Staple and Fancy Groceries" situated in Portland, Oregon. "Favored Inventory" was a proprietary brand name used by the corporation For lots of in their items. (See the labeled olive oil bottle later on this website page.) Allen & Lewis started company while in the early days of Portland in 1861 and ongoing until eventually a minimum of 1917 and possibly Considerably later (Zumwalt 1980).
Mouth-blown illustrations with J D S on the base day from no earlier than about 1878 and as late as the early to mid 1910s.
The earlier (generally 1850s to 1860s) sort of groove ring end - as illustrated through the jar previously mentioned (finish near-up towards the still left) - might be differentiated within the "pressed laid-on ring" (utilized finish) by often (Hemingray patent) getting a roughly cracked-off and floor rim towards the interior ring (click on end picture for larger Variation with the roughness pointed out), no excess glass in proof down below the lessen fringe of the outer ring from the appliance of added finishing glass (there was not any added ending glass additional), and/or evidence on the side mold seam continuing into and over the top from the outer ring towards the central bore sides or rim While this latter characteristic could be difficult to look at (it's faintly obvious around the still left aspect with the illustrated end).
Just one bewildering function about cylindrical (and occasionally sq.) milk bottles created throughout the 1st half of the twentieth century could be the fading from the vertical facet mould seams within the upper neck.
Lots of (most?) with the mouth-blown capers bottles present in the U. S. ended up imported from Europe as France seems to are already the principal producer, processor, and packer of capers in the course of the era of these bottles. The vast majority of at first labeled bottles observed by the writer Take note which the product was "French Capers," which includes the two bottles illustrating this part. Furthermore, many of the illustrations that have embossed enterprise names implies a French origin (Zumwalt 1980). Even though these bottles were apparently produced by at the least considered one of the biggest U. S. glass makers (Illinois Glass Business) capers bottles were seemingly a non-common providing by most bottle makers, as indicated by a look for of several dozen 1890s to 1930s bottle makers catalogs while in the authors possession (as pointed out on the References site).
Henry Putnam's contribution is that he a little altered the first de Quillfeldt structure in which the bail (upper portion which works around the lid while in the graphic to the right down below) is not really hooked up on the lid, a conformation which might not work on huge mouth jars (Jones & Sullivan 1989). Rather, the lid is held in place by centering the bail in the groove or concerning two elevated dots in the middle from the lid. This securing point has long been named a cover groove (White 1978).
Additionally, it has the "H over an A" makers mark to the Hazel-Atlas Glass Corporation (Wheeling, WV) which started using that mark in 1923 and ongoing till at least the mid-nineteen sixties (Lockhart unpublished manuscript 2007). Click on the following backlinks to look at much more visuals of this bottle: foundation view showing the Hazel-Atlas makers mark in addition to a "six" which may (or may not) become a date code for 1926; near-up on the shoulder, neck and complete. For an example of an identical mouth-blown example (ca. 1900-1910), with vertical ribbing to the flared heel/decreased physique and enterprise embossing, click BANQUET BRAND / CHARLES GULDEN N.Y. (that is also embossed in a very square on the reduce physique) which was made by that large New York meals and condiments organization (Zumwalt 1980).
The commonest All round form for milk bottles For almost all with the time period included by this Web page was cylindrical or spherical in cross-part. Much more especially, with the 1880s when the first distinct bottle design linked to the bottling of milk was invented and noticeably applied (included down below) until eventually the late forties/early fifties when sq. or rectangular bottles started to become a lot more prevalent, cylindrical designs dominated the milk bottle market.
The "Lightning" design toggle or swing-sort closures had been really popular for mouth-blown canning jars from right before patenting (for jars) in 1882 - the very first Lightning closure jars had been reportedly built during the late 1870s - right up until properly into the 20th century on equipment-designed jars. This crucial closure kind was invented and patented very first by Charles de Quillfeldt of Ny city in 1875 although the style and design was meant to begin with for beverage bottles (Toulouse 1969a; Creswick 1987).
The Overall economy jar and closure was protected by several patents issued between 1901 and 1903 with the jar continuing to generally be produced right up until 1957 when Kerr Glass discontinued this line. The lids ended up developed until eventually 1961 indicating the general problem with working with canning jars for dating historic internet sites, i.e., deposition lag (Creswick 1987). It seems, on the other hand, the jar was most widely used amongst 1903 plus the 1930s once the Kerr Self-Sealing Mason jar, with its cap held in position by a screw band in lieu of a clip, began to (and however does) dominate the fruit jar market place.
Relationship summary/notes: This style seems to have originated during the 1850s, or possibly the late 1840s, and was created until near to the end of your mouth-blown period as illustrations ended up mentioned in bottle makers catalogs till not less than as late as 1909 (Lohmann 1972). Only one crude early device-manufactured example (with a large bore crown form finish!
Olive oil was bottled within an assortment of different formed bottles through the period coated by this Web-site (early nineteenth to mid-twentieth generations) with most kinds remaining cylindrical or spherical in cross-portion - the topic covered by this section. (Sq./rectangular kinds are included in the subsequent area.) These bottles also most likely contained other vegetable oils Even though olive oil was certainly the most popular and offered through the vast majority of famous period of time (Toulouse 1970a).
Vertically ribbed: Tall, reasonably slender sauce bottles with different sorts of vertical ribs, ridging or fluting ended up a very common conformation from as early because the late 1840s or early 1850s perfectly in to the early 20th century (Switzer 1974; Zumwalt 1980). Mouth-blown vertically ribbed sauce bottles were generally crafted from aqua glass, while colorless or light amethyst (manganese dioxide decolorized glass) illustrations are quite typical and further greens and blues once in a while seen.
Glass makers also available a fairly broad assortment of different cylindrical or round glass useful content vessels designed for cumbersome foods solutions through the nineteenth by means of mid-twentieth century. The cigar smoking cigarettes business people within the ca. 1860s American tintype to the best are proudly displaying their item - pickles or "chow chow" (a pickled vegetable combine) - which had been bottled in cylindrical jars comparable to a few of those In this particular part.